Chemical changes are a transformation of materials to other, different materials with distinct properties, and more than one new substance is formed. It occurs when a chemical blends with another to create an entirely different substance (synthesis or decomposes to create additional substances).

They can reverse the subsequent chemical reactions. Examples of chemical change include a chemical reaction that produces the colour of the dye and results in a chemical alteration in hair. There are three kinds of chemical change, which are inorganic, organic, and biochemical changes.

Know about the basic types of Chemical Reactions before conducting different experiments.


Chemical Reactions That You Can Witness In Your School Laboratory

The chemical reactions experiments listed here are among the best top middle school science experiments. When you hear a chemical reaction, do you imagine an explosion? The majority of us do. However, not all of them are evident.

We’re immersed in chemical change each day, without even thinking about it. The transformations include rust, match lighting the cigar, yeast in bread or the silver becoming tarnished.

One of the most enjoyable aspects of teaching science from home is adding the number of experiments we’d like. Integrating experiments into your lesson plans is crucial because the more interactive science-based activities, the more children have a much easier time comprehending the subject.

In our chemistry classes, we learned about various reactions through various hands-on activities like the ones in the following.

A vital note:

Here’s a note before moving into the activities. Be sure that when you engage in experiments or activities in the field of science, to ask questions. Follow the scientific method, and then have your students formulate a hypothesis and debate if they were right at the conclusion. It’s an excellent way to prepare for more advanced science and gets your mind thinking.

Chemical Change Experiments

Copper and Nitric Acid Experiments

If you put a small piece of copper in nitric acids in a solution, you will see Cu2+ ions and the nitrate particles interact to make the solution green, and later it turns to a brownish-green. When you reduce the concentration of solution water, it can displace nitrate ions around the copper, and the solution transforms to blue.

Hydrogen Peroxide with Potassium Iodide

A popular example is elephant toothpaste because the chemical reaction between peroxide and potassium iodide creates so much foam. If you include food colouring, you can personalise this “toothpaste” for holiday-coloured themes.

Any Alkali Metal in Water

All alkali metals react vigorously in water. How much? The bright yellow colour of sodium burns. Potassium ignites in violet; Cesium explodes, Lithium ignites red. Explore the effects by moving down the alkali metals section on the periodic table.

Thermite Reaction

A thermite reaction is basically what happens when the iron rusts instantaneously instead of overtime. This is, in essence, burning metal. When the circumstances are favourable, all metals can be burned. But, the process is caused by the reaction of iron oxide with aluminium. The formula is:

Fe2O3 + 2Al + 2Fe + Al2O3 + heat light


If you are looking for a truly spectacular display, you can put the mix in a dry ice block and then light the mixture.

Colouring Fire

Electrons are exuberant if ions are heated in the air and then fall to a lower energy level and emit photons. The energy produced by photons is the characteristic of the chemical and corresponds to specific colours in a flame. This is the foundation to the flame tests in analytical chemistry and fun to play with different chemicals and see what colours they can produce when they’re in a flame.

Make Polymer Bouncy Balls

Who doesn’t love playing with balls that bounce a lot? All of us have done it. The chemical reaction used to create the balls is an amazing experiment as it is possible to alter the properties of the balls by changing the proportion of ingredients.

Make a Lichtenberg Figure

A Lichtenberg figure, also known as an “electrical tree”, is a document of the course of electrons in the discharge of electrostatic charge. This is frozen lightning. There are a variety of methods to create your electrical tree.

Experiment with ‘Hot Ice’

Hot Ice is the name given to sodium acetate, an organic compound that you can create through the reaction of vinegar and baking soda. The sodium acetate solution can be supercooled to the point that it can crystallise at demand. The heat is generated when crystals begin to develop, so even though it looks like water ice, it’s extremely hot.

Barking Dog Experiment

“The Barking Dog is the name for a chemiluminescent process in the exothermic reaction of the nitrous oxide, also known as nitrogen monoxide, along with carbon disulfide. The reaction takes place inside the tube, releasing blue light and a distinctive “woof” sound.

Another demonstration method is to coat the inside of a clear bottle with alcohol and then ignite the gas. The flame’s front moves through the bottle, and you can also hear it barking.

Dehydration of Sugar

If you mix sugar in sulfuric acid, the sugar gets severely dehydrated. This results in a rising mass of black carbon, hot and the strong odour of burned caramel.

Guidelines before doing a chemical experiment in your school laboratory

  • Inform all injuries, accidents, and broken glass or equipment to the instructor immediately.
  • Long hair (chin-length or more) should be tied back to prevent getting caught in a fire.
  • Wear sensible clothes, such as shoes. The loose clothing must be secured so that they are not trapped in flames or chemicals.
  • Do your work quietly and know what you’re doing by studying for the test before beginning working. Take note of any warnings that are listed in the laboratory exercises.
  • Avoid the tasting or smelling of chemicals.
  • Wear safety goggles to shield your eyes while heating up and dissecting.
  • Don’t try to alter the location of glass tubing inside the stopper.
  • Procedures or experiments that the government does not approve should not be tried.
  • Make sure your workspace is clean before you leave the lab.
  • Don’t hang around, lie or lean on lab tables.
  • Do not leave the designated laboratory without the consent of your instructor.
  • Find out where to find the first aid kit, eyewash station, and shower for emergencies.
  • Anyone with acrylic nails is not permitted to use lighters or matches or Bunsen burners, and so on.
  • Don’t lift any solution glassware, other kinds of equipment above your eye level.
  • Follow the instructions provided by your instructor.
  • Learn how to transport items and equipment safely.


As an example of non-contact forces, most of the time, you just get one, which is Earth’s gravity. Today, we cherished several more, and it was fun. Electrostatic and Nuclear forces have truly brought revolutions in the world, and if you’ve got any other examples for the same, don’t hesitate in sharing! Today, we cherished several more, and it was fun.