Ayurvedais more thanthe healing method, but it isa science that guidesyou withhow to livebyoverall health of thebody. Itdiscusses the bestlifestyle and diet that shouldbefollowed to prevent diseasesfrom ravagingyour body. According to Ayurvedaall human beings areestablished through 5 basicelements i.evayu, aakash,jala, agni and prithvi. There are3 doshas that regulate the body,which are pitta, vata,andKapha.Every person has theirparticular balance of Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Nashik doshas.
Panchakarma isa partof Ayurvedathat does not just eliminatetoxins from the bodybut alsobooststhe immune systemand balancesthe doshas.It is themosteffectivetreatment method for healingwithinAyurvedic Medicine.Itisrecommended to maintainphysical and mental health.It is a time provennatural therapy for detoxification andimproving thehealth.
Panchakarma isanSanskrit wordthat translates to ‘fiveactions’. It ishighly individualized and customizedaccording to the need,depending onthebalance of doshas as well as age, digestivesystem, and more.Based on the needsof the patient, allorsomeof the fivekarmas isadministered. Thetherapy eliminates excessdoshas as well as balances the effectsofthe doshas as itgets rid of toxins fromthe bodythrough thebody’schannels.
Theentire process of panchakarmais comprised of
1) Poorva karma- snehana and swedana
2) Pradhan karma- itincludes virechan, vamananasya, basti andRaktamokshan. ThefiveKarmasi.e panchakarma.
3) Paschatkarma- it includespost therapy diet
Theprimary goalforsnehanaorswedana is tohelp bringdoshas that are vitiated to an eliminationform. Itcan be usedas an individual therapyand aspoorvakarmafrom the shodhanchikitsa.
It’s also knownasoleation therapy.It is atreatments that are done prior tocommencing the Panchakarma Therapy.As mentioned inCharaka Samhita there are mainlyfour kinds of snehana dravyawhich are considered to be the best for snehan.
1) Ghee (ghrita)
2) Oil (taila)
3) Fat (vasa)
DadimadiGhrita, tila Taila the bala tailaGhrita and others are amongthemedicines that are usedinthe snehana.
Thetechnique lubricates all over thebodythrough the application of medicated oil or gheeinternally and externally.If the medicated oil/ghee isapplied internally, it is known assnehapanam. This is animportant procedure for Panchakarma.
CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHANA-
1) Internal oleation-
Itincludes consumption ofsnehana dravya in a medicatedornon-medicated version. Itcan or should notbemixedwith other ayurvedicmedicines or food items.The method lubricates thetissuesand various parts ofhuman body.
2) External oleation/massage/abhyanga
Itincludes head massage the body, massage,gargles, etc. that are medicated with oil.
It’s also known assteam therapyortherapeutic sudation. It isanother procedure that is performed prior toPanchakarma.The therapy increasescirculation of blood and removesdirt and toxins that enter the pores of the skinand the body.
It isthemost effective methods that havebeenpracticed since longback. Itis used as apractice of shaman-chikitsa as wellfor poorvakarma prior to shodhan chikitsa. Itcan be done ona particular part of abody or on the entirebody. Theprocedure of administeringswedanais not constant and can changedepending on the demandsfor the individual.
PRADHAN KARMA OR SHODHAN CHIKITSA
It is acontrolled therapeuticvomiting. Vamana therapycan be found indoshas called kapha.When the dosha is overa certain limit and istransferred to another place then it needs tobeeliminatedcompletely from ourbody. Kapharesidesin the chestregion , thereforeremoval viaan oral pathwayisvery easy .
HERBA USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Madana phala Panchakarma Treatment in Nashik is one of thebestvamak dravya. Other herbsareKutaja, nimba,yashtimadhu vacha etc.
Therapeutic emesis is of 2types:
1)Gastric emesis- itstimulates the gastric mucosa , andafterwards the vomiting center withinthe brain.
2.)Central emesis – itstimulates the medulla in thebrain, and it then stimulates the vomiting centerwithin the brain.
Vomiting is coordinated byan oblongata medulla in the brainandstarts with lots ofnausea and salivation.
BENEFITS OF VAMANA
Theprocess eliminates the aggravatedkapha dosha, improvesdigestion and metabolism. It alsorestores health and wellness, improvesthefunction of the senseorgans,improves fertilityandslows the ageing process.
HERBS USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Vamana therapywhen an aggravatedKapha dosha is causing diseaseorthe dominant kapha doshapitta dosha is responsible fordiseases.The therapy has specificindications and contra indications.
Thetreatment is appropriate fordiarrhea, dysentery, feverthat is recent in origin cough, coldurinary tractdisorder and skin diseases, anorexia, respiratory disorder, indigestiongoiter, fibroid, filariasis,etc.
Patientswho have kapha dosha that is belownormalshouldn’t undergovammanatherapies.Pregnant women, withoutsnehana karma, strong agni(digestive system), person who isstressed, hungry or stress, children, an elderly who is weak, weak, has an enlargedstomach, intestinal parasites,larger prostate and othersin such cases vamana karmais not recommended.
Virechan (purgation)can be described as the second of the karmaofpanchakarma. It isone of the most widelyutilized therapies, particularly inailments caused by theaggravated pitta dosha. The pittadoesha is removedforcibly through the anal route.The doshas get eliminated withlesser stress and problemscompared to vamana karma. Itcould also be administeredinpitta-kapha and vata-pittadoshas, where pitta is predominant. Thetreatment requires adherence to a specificfood regimens in order to achievenormaleating habits and finishthetreatment.
HERBS USED AS VIRECHAK DRAVYA
Virechan drugs include milk, takra, gavakshi, vacha, punarnava, shala, panchmoola, saptala, haritaki, kashmarya, draksha, jyotishmati, vibhitaki, amalaki, abhaya etc.
Depending upon the medicine administeredvirechan comes in two forms2 types
1) Snigdha virechan- meaning ofSnigdha meansoily. It isindicated where pittaisin connection withvata dosha.
2.) Rooksha virechan- itcan be identified when pitta has beenassociated with kapha dosha.
Virechanmay causegout, piles, constipation, jaundice, liver disease, splenomegaly, ascites,dysuria, pain in largeintestinal tract, urogenital diseasesystem infemales and males nasal bleeding, etc.
Poor digestive system, diarrhea and dysentery, ulcersin the rectum or emaciatedpersonafter excessiveOleation treatment, injuries etcaresome of the situations wherevirechanshould not be used.
3) BASTI KARMA
Inthe past,thebladder (basti) wasutilized as anequipmenttoan enema.This is why the name of theprocedure is basti karma.
Basti isan exclusive treatmentinayurvedic panchakarma.It is a treatment that uses medicated gheedecoctions, oils, etc.are administeredvia the rectalurinary and vaginal route. Itimproves the immune system and increasesthe general health of a person. Vatadosha is responsible formany diseasesand basti karmacan be the treatmentof choice for pacifyingvata dosha.This is why it is referred toas ‘ardhaChikitsa’ .
DEFINITION OF BASTI
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Theadministration of medicines withmassive or basti(urinary bladder) iscalled basti karma.
A single or a combination ofherbal decoctions, medicated oil-gheeor similar, mamsarasa, rakta, and othermedications in the form ofliquid are applied depending onthestate of health of theindividual.
HERBS USED FOR BASTI KARMA
Jeevaka, rishabhaka, jeevanti, guduchi, gokshura, bala, draksha, shatavari, shatpushpa, yashtimadhu, amalaki, brihati, dadima,pippali, vidanga, adraka, musta, nimbi, kutaja etc are used for basti karma.
BENEFITS OF BASTI KARMA-
1) Expels thedoshas of the night.
2.) Pacifies thedoshas that are aggravated.
3.) Acts as aphrodisiac forthose withsemen depletion.
4.)Can help in losingweight and reducingthe effects of obesity.
5)Reverses ageing and prematuregreying.
6)Helps to provide proper nourishmentandimproves the healthfor the human body.
7) Enhances immunity
8)Promotes quality of lifeandextends the life span.